Bitcoin vs. Ethereum

In Bitcoin, every time a miner adds a block to the blockchain, he is rewarded with 6.25 bitcoins, a rate set in November 2021. In Etherium a miner, or validator, receives a value of 3 ether every time a block is added to the blockchain, and the reward will never be halved. The Bitcoin vs. Ethereum argument has been garnering more attention these days. Bitcoin has become a very popular and well-known cryptocurrency around the world. It also has the highest market cap among all the cryptocurrencies available right now.

Bitcoin vs. Ethereum

There is considerable overlap between their functions and markets, with nothing to prevent user migration. The main difference between Bitcoin and Ethereum in terms of supply is that Bitcoin has a capped supply of 21 million coins, while Ethereum does not have a fixed maximum supply limit. As of now, over 19 million Bitcoins have been mined, and the remaining supply will continue to be mined until the cap is reached.


Bitcoin was developed solely to facilitate decentralised payments, that is, to allow people to send and receive payments without an intermediary such as a bank. Ethereum, on the other hand, was designed to do more than just send and receive ETH. A dApp is distributed on a blockchain, with users able to send and receive data directly without the need for an intermediary. It claims that as an app it doesn’t optimise for advertising revenues, an issue it says users of centralised apps suffer from.

Ethereum takes blockchain a step further by adding a computer to the value layer, replacing traditional financial functions like lending and trading with code. Ethereum’s support for smart contracts has led to the development of a wide range of decentralized applications, including decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms, Bitcoin vs. Ethereum non-fungible token marketplaces, and more. Using blockchain as a kind of distributed computer, Ethereum’s smart contracts and dapps are stored on the ledger in the form of encrypted computer code as they execute. Ethereum’s currency, ETH, provides a means for these smart contracts and dapps to execute.

Bitcoin: Digital Payments and Store of Value

After all, if their networks can’t handle demand, this creates a wave of side effects. This includes network congestion, higher fees, and longer waiting times. In contrast, sufficient scalability means a smooth and efficient network with competitive fees and speedy transactions. Moreover, proof-of-stake offers ETH holders a fair chance of earning passive rewards. All that said, Bitcoin’s proof-of-work model is considered more secure and decentralized. This needs to be taken into account when making the Ethereum vs Bitcoin comparison.

However, bitcoin concluded 2023 with a monthly gain of 12.6% and an annual gain of 156%, the highest since 2020. Ethereum prices rose by 15.7% in December, ending the year at $2,353, representing a 91% gain for the year. Bitcoin’s price climbed steadily from less than $17,000 at the start of 2023 to $43,550 by year’s end despite intermittent periods of minor volatility. Nevertheless, the market leader’s share, which hovered around 50%, was still below its 2021 peak when it exceeded $65,000. To grow its utility and keep its services on the cutting edge, Ethereum has undergone several upgrades over the years aimed at improving its scalability, security, and sustainability.

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In contrast, Bitcoin is a finite cryptocurrency with a maximum supply of 21 million BTC. Until then, a fixed supply of new Bitcoins enters circulation every 10 minutes. It’s also crucial to consider the overall supply when comparing Bitcoin vs Ethereum long-term. The reason is simple; fiat currencies like the US dollar and the euro suffer from unfavorable central bank policies.

Exchanges shouldn’t just be compared based on the price they offer, but on their security features and broader reputation. If you’re trading large volumes of crypto, then investing in an offline wallet will safeguard your coins. Ethereum uses ethash, which is different to the SHA-256 used by Bitcoin. It’s not necessary to understand these technical differences to trade in either currency, but doing so can’t hurt. Thus, when most new investors begin to dabble in crypto markets, they’re more likely to recognize — and therefore invest in — Bitcoin.

Deciding whether Bitcoin or Ethereum is a better investment depends on your individual investment goals, risk tolerance, and understanding of each cryptocurrency’s technology and use cases. Bitcoin is often considered a more stable investment and is compared to gold, serving as a digital currency and store of value. Ethereum, on the other hand, is designed as a platform for decentralized applications (dApps) and smart contracts, with a focus on utility and development.

In a way, it’s the current world champion when it comes to cryptocurrencies. Ethereum did not have the revolutionary effect that Bitcoin did, but its creator learned from Bitcoin and produced more functionalities based on the concepts of Bitcoin. It is the second-most-valuable cryptocurrency on the market right now.

Even without priority, the transaction completion time for Ethereum is generally much faster than Bitcoin. It takes about 10 to 15 seconds for a block to be added to the Ethereum blockchain, with finality typically achieved within a few minutes. However, that time significantly increases during high-demand periods (high congestion on the network).